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Reiseuni Report | Making Of European Architecture Dialogue
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Reiseuni Report | Making Of European Architecture Dialogue

Vol:III.12. Cluster • Master's Thesis – Cultural Transfer

V:III_12. Cluster • Master's Thesis – Cultural Transfer | Dagmar Jäger
V:III_12.1 [MT] EAD-Berlin – Opening Lecture
V:III_12.2 [MT] Objective and Frame of the Cooperative Master's Thesis
V:III_12.3 [MT] Concluding Summary: Multifaceted Interfaces
V:III_12.4 [MT] Cultural Transfer: 6 Topics & 6 Cities
V:III_12.5 [MT] Master's Thesis Symposium: Selected Results

 

During the six months' elaboration of the Master's Thesis, complex challenges about "Cultural Transfer" have been delved into within six different cumulative research fields across greater Europe. In cooperation with the international professors' team, 19 postgraduate students have been focusing future opportunities of sustainable architecture and urban design in the field of heritage transformation: Three ancient prison plots of the 19th century have been transformed in Tallinn, Lisbon and Cottbus; the touristic territory of Costa del Sol has been investigated as a cultural landscape; neglected urban typologies in Tel Aviv have been analysed and pushed towards new futures. This final research period is conceptualized as 'individual teamwork' in Germany, Estonia, Spain, Israel and Portugal, from both a practical and a theoretical point of view. The final results have been discussed in the European Architecture Dialogue, the final symposium in Berlin.

Greetings of the cultural attaché of Estonia in Berlin, Harry Liivrand, of the inviting Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Carolin Schönemann (Baukunst), welcoming words of the Reiseuni_lab professors Mar Loren of Universidad de Sevilla, Flavio Barbini of Lisbon, Irina Raud of Tallinn and Ayala Ronel of Tel Aviv, greetings of students of class 01, Jaan Kusements, Jiannis Lycouras, Kaisa Lasner and Eduardo Magno, welcoming their fellows and the audience – young professionals and friends of the network like Nils Krause, Hammeskrause Architects, Stuttgart, fellow students (class-02), families and friends, the professors Rein Murola, Tallinn, Maria Schneider, Innsbruck, Inken Baller, Berlin, Ricardo Carvalho, Lisbon, Rhys Martin, Berlin, – guests of the Symposium, the 4th European Architecture Dialogue – two years after the first conference in Cottbus in 2010, next in Innsbruck and Kiel in 2011 and 2012. Opening lecture of the director of the Master's Programme, Dagmar Jäger:

[Fig. 01a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3.[Fig. 01a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3

[Fig. 01b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab[Fig. 01b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

After two years, five months and final weeks of intense work on the Master's Thesis, all of our students have finished the collaborative research period of the pioneer project and first cycle, voyage through more than eight countries, architectural cultures and schools, throughout a workshop sequence of eight workshops with each exhibitions, critical presentation and multifaceted experiences. We can now finally listen and discuss about the reflections and solutions of a half year research by design work, which aimed to deepen the research fields of the diverse universities, to delve into the experiences of the growing design knowledge, gained in the concentrated learning and output time of the Master's programme.

I would like to ask – to question us, about the pioneering project after the first cycle:

Why do we need this European Architecture Dialogue today?

To avoid further world wars and to create an solid economic trade network after the second world war, the European Community was united in the nowadays so called European U nion: 28 states today, a geographical and cultural neighbourhood including 24 different official languages, about 150 spoken languages and based fundamentally on top of a common agreed constitutional legality and connected under the roof of political contracts, laws and human rights of freedom, fraternity and equality, represented by democracies – younger and older ones –, condensed in the civil laws, since 2009 represented in the Charta of Fundamental Rights, defining all citizens personal, political, social and economic rights.

Since more than 60 years, we did not have any war in the Western part of Europe.

Instead, after 60 war-free years, we never before had so many luxuries cruise liners for serving masses of tourists in Europe, spending some thousands of euros for traveling a week on these ships without any problems.

And instead of a war, actually cars and streets are burning all over Europe, protestations take place from Tel Aviv to Karlsruhe, Vienna, Paris, Madrid and Sevilla – 25% people out of work in many parts of Europe, lack of affordable living spaces, even more than 50% unemployed young people in some parts of Europe, even Germany and especially Spain and Greece.

[Fig. 02a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab.[Fig. 02a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

[Fig. 02b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab.[Fig. 02b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

And instead of a war, democratic societies, only a little more than a decade ago, have still been governed with the ideal of social market economy and commonwealth, which has just been replacing the objectives towards the shark capitalist economy, towards inflation, step-wise giving-up of the social goals and common aims of a society with low hierarchies and collective responsibilities of civil society like pensions, health assurances, public ownerships like housing real estates, programmes of social housing etc. falling back to the times before the world war periods of early industrialization – "money makes the world go round" Liza Minnelli commented in the sixties the antes-war-area of the 30s – nowadays repeated again – exploding increasing public credits for the European civil societies which the societies will not be able to re-fund by regular means during the next decades.

So many people in the middle of the civil societies, who today are no longer able to afford their lives under respectable circumstances through their proper working results (in money – salary per month or pension) to be able to afford a life in dignity in the cities or on the countryside, even by working – as family with two incomes, as student, as senior citizen. All over Europe, we can observe this; in Germany and lots of regions of Europe, we have an increasing number of elderlies in poverty.

The non-solved problem of the society after industrialization in the non-solution of the service society with the lack or transformation of work, the lack of income, lack of tax to pay the welfare state and the lack of people in work, leads us to less people doing too much work, leads to less responsibilities taken by the responsible elites, members of the society who are under permanent economic stress dealing with the missing, leads us to less trust amongst the people.

The tremendously increasing social scissors, the increasing profit distinction in our civil societies of democracy, not only put our common sense and the idea of a commonwealth under big pressure – but leads to the disappearance of them.
Deregulation, destabilization, flexibilization are the means since more than 10 years.
It is no ghost serving the economic system, but it is realized by many small activities, by many responsible individuals, destroying step by step the achievements of the civil societies after the world wars during the 20th century.

Where does this development end up? We are in times of big changes! In any way, we agree that we do not want to have a next world war. And: Each crisis bears chances.

So again: Why do we need a new and cooperative university programme for architecture? Why do we need this European Architecture Dialogue today?

The European Architecture Dialogue does not serve to solve the societies' problems.

[Fig. 03] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3.[Fig. 03] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3

What we are doing is to debate, to reflect, to learn, to dispute, to argue, often to disagree! And: We try to keep on understanding the unknown attitudes and tolerating the argumentations of others, listening the unknown knowledge and unknown experience of others.

What we are doing is to learn from each other within a common context of a cultural understanding of our cultural differences.

What we learn permanently is to approach each other in distinction.

In any way, for us as architects, problems have first to be identified, then faced, then have to be investigated; a discourse between different opportunities, possibilities and attitudes has to take place. In tough discussions, we are used to moderate and balance interests and aims, critique has to be admitted and to be integrated as forwarding motive of solutions. As part of our approach between the individual and the different nationalities, this moderation just becomes much more complex.

Our professional research exchange and objectives of the Reiseuni_lab are expressed in our Charter – the ethical, sustainable and social convictions of our profession we share. The importance of spatial and physical conditions themselves and how spatial conditions come to real and who is able to design the conditions, is what a society represents and – even more important – influences in framing structures for the future.

For these beliefs, we are architects.

We know about the importance to work with the people, to respect and care about the existing built environment and substance and the complex history and context

  • to understand the local architecture needs of the region or city in the context of the specific characteristics of the place, history and circumstances
  • to work economically independent within the research fields of the universities – to be able to develop DENKRÄUME, multifaceted thought spaces – universes to reflect multi-perspectival options, out of economic needs or within different complex needs of the civil society.
  • to work with young students and professionals of different cultures in open discourses
  • to integrate them into the research work, into the seeking for and solving of contextual, regional problems
  • what they then might later take and transmit into their own local, cultural and spatial needs
  • to listen to their ideas and approaches from another culture
  • to profit from this dialogue towards a long-term learning process and enrichment
  • to profit from the different living experiences, circumstances, which are defined by all means of architecture design and urban planning.
  • to move society by knowledge genesis and creative proposals
  • for destroying borders of mind, critical reflection and borders of nations, enriching local debates about options for the future

[Fig. 04a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3.[Fig. 04a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3

[Fig. 04b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 04b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

Tomorrow and the day after tomorrow, we will discuss the results of the 19 first absolvents of the Reiseuni_lab, who propose many critical and visionary strategies. The results were worked out in teams of research clusters (teams working on one problem, typology or within a geographical context, in comparison and open competition, sharing analytic results of the Master's Thesis period), dealing with problems of lost or difficult places in Lisbon, Tallinn, Cottbus, Berlin, Tel Aviv – and the Costa del Sol:

  • Difficult heritage sites, cities within the cities are reinvented – 3 different historical ancient prison plots of the 19th century, in Lisbon, Cottbus and Tallinn are to be investigated towards new aims, new hybrid programming and functions within the city fabric, to reflect under aspects of "urban regeneration", "architecture and violence" or "creative coast", to deal with cultural transfer of the power of "creative industries" from Berlin to Tallinn, or to reinvent traditions which risk to get lost in the global dynamics of adaption.
  • Transfer Strategies of the common, of living models, strategies of design of processes will be proposed – through participation settings, scenario development and recognition of complex contexts from "Tel Aviv Aktiv" to Berlin's Nischenkultur as analytic approach of an "Architecture as Critique"
  • We will be confronted with strategies dealing with the consequences of mass tourism in the South of Spain – "Learning of the Hinterland", "Discovering abandoned and unfinished monument" qualities of ancient industrial sites will be reinterpreted and re-connected, fragmented territories will be consolidated by proposals, "Productive borders between conflict and exchange" worked out
  • Lots of inventions, optimistic and young energy towards lots of multifaceted architecture concepts, "Inversions of meanings" and measures, which will range in-between deep and serious investigations towards an understanding of the unknown, towards an urban understanding, towards architecture design, intervention and process design.

[Fig. 05a ] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 05a ] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

[Fig. 05b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 05b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

Before I will invite you to listen to the students to introduce the exhibition, I would like to thank for the many support during the last weeks – first of all to the colleagues and to Carolin Schönemann. Special thanks to the Academy of the Arts und Carolin for supporting our event in this beautiful, open-minded and intimate location – one of my favourite architecture designs of Berlin, realized by the Architect Werner Düttmann. A special thank I will pronounce to Irina Raud and the Embassy of Estonia and to Jennifer for her support in organizing this event. And always to my partner of the project from the beginning onwards, Christian Pieper, who lives and works with me as permanent partner in the project since 2008 – intensively all the time next to me in developing and realizing this challenging European grassroots project.

So, I would like to give the speech to the first research group – Ioannis Lykouras will introduce the research goals concerned with the future of Tallinn's historical Sea Fortress Prison site Patarei on the coast and ancient national border of the city, the first research cluster to be presented.

[Dagmar Jäger, Academy of the Arts, Berlin, September 2012]

 

During the fourth and last semester of the two-year-programme in 2012, the students independently elaborate and reflect on complex architectural, urban and design challenges across greater Europe within the research fields and appropriating interdisciplinary strategies and methods, which have been dealt with during the workshop sequence of the precedent 3 semesters at the eight partner universities: Sustainable architecture projects and urban planning and design, with focus to superordinate topics of the partner universities and cities, like heritage transformation or touristification.

"In the five-months elaboration of the Master's thesis, one of the eight workshop topics has been delved in a theoretical and practical manner. More complex research questions, that have become apparent in the precedent workshops, are to be further developed. The students have been supervised by the responsible teaching staff." [Study Schedule, 2012]

The design research work takes place as "individual teamwork" within research clusters in Cottbus, Tallinn, Lisbon, Tel Aviv, Seville and Berlin from both a practical and a theoretical point of view. The framework of the research period has been prepared during 4 weeks and further developed in exchange with professors, fellow students and local experts.

Transformation of the European City [Reiseuni Charter]

"Changes in contemporary lifestyle and working life are manifested in the transformation and reorganization of the European city at the beginning of the 21st century. Current design problems are to be resolved in an historic cultural setting and in the context of complex, pre-existing structures. Transformation occurs at all scales and across multiple disciplines: Measures to increase density, transform function, make additions and insertions as well as to demolish and restructure existing buildings and urban quarters, must be developed with respect to ecological sustainability. Multi-dimensional design and planning processes are integral parts of the democratic planning and architecture culture." [>>>Reiseuni Charter, Art. 1]

Design of Research-by-Design Period

[Fig. 06] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 06] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

In preparation of the five-month period and independent work, during 4 weeks, the students develop a research concept within the workshop frame of "Design Reflection 2" [>>>Design Reflection 2, Vol:III_11.2], for preparing the research period in dialogue with the professors and team members. This preparatory period aims to "design the design process" as part of a collective group and learning phase, to develop the concept of the Master's thesis framework reflecting the experiences of the students while integrating the design knowledge about the cumulative research results of all precedent workshops: The description of the Master's thesis research focus includes outlining questions and methods, framing the topics and research contexts, formulating the focus and goals, defining the relevant literature, plan material and finally choosing a maximum of two supervisors for the international network Reiseuni_lab [Master's Thesis Portfolio]. The documentation and analysis of all workshop results precedes the portfolio elaboration.

Multi-Perspectival Approaches and Positions in Research Teams

The students work in small research teams coordinating and sharing the results of analysis and exchanging positions, to deepen the topics in a multi-perspectival, theoretical and a practical manner. Cumulative research by design about relevant questions, project-work as tool of investigation and as think tank for local governors, heuristic empirical design reflexivity and knowledge transfer – these 4 key goals of the pilot study programme have been synthesized during the final work period and investigation of each student in exchange with the local professors and experts.

[Fig. 07a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3. [Fig. 07a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3

[Fig. 07b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab.[Fig. 07b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

[Fig. 07c] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3. [Fig. 07c] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3

Final Symposium: Evaluation & European Dialogue

The public presentation took place in the studio rooms of the Akademie der Künste in Berlin and has been accompanied by the final examination and exhibition of the Master's theses' results as open public event and discourse. As part of an evaluative symposium, it was attended by all of the university lecturers involved in the theses and the programme with local and international guests to enable the intercultural research dialogue and exchange as critical debate within the international group of students and professors. The aim of the symposium is to evaluate not only the results, both substantively and didactically, the results and the topics dealt with during the 2 years, but also to develop new perspectives for the next year's class.

The Master's thesis included an interim presentation, held following a working period of the first weeks and was open to all members of the programme, in which the current state of work was presented and experiences were exchanged.

The final results have been made available for the international jury, the professors' team evaluation, in advance on digital platforms, so that the members of the jury have been able to investigate the delivered material individually in depth before the discursive presentation. The assessment criteria have been also pre-defined transparently in order to precise the evaluation of the delivered work in relation to theoretical understanding, analytical approach, practical design transfer, conceptual clearness and design qualities next to the relevance of the topic and finally the visual and verbal individual presentation of each student.

The location for the final event (and each European Architectural Dialogue EAD) is intended to rotate between the countries and university partners involved.

 

The resulting six topics and plots refer to and arise from the workshop experiences and results. During a process of complex coordination, balancing individual and superordinate goals of all members of the professors' team and each student and throughout multiple debates and roundtables in the frame of the preparing workshop "Design Reflection 2", the research groups and topics for the half year research have been specified under the connecting topic "Cultural Transfer: Consequences of Tourism for Architecture & Urban Space in Europe".

The plots in Lisbon, South of Spain, Tallinn, Tel Aviv, Berlin and Cottbus are chosen according to their actual relevance within the city discourses and the public need for transformation concepts of important, but neglected historic heritages. And they are also chosen for the inherent, comparative quality:

[Fig. 08a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 08a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

[Fig. 08b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 08b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

[Fig. 08c] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 08c] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

[Fig. 08d] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 08d] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

Comparative Research of Tallinn, Cottbus and Lisbon

The European typology of the ancient prison plots, the "town in the town" – historical prison sites of the 19th century and even same decade (1850th) – is the starting point of 3 research cluster in Cottbus, Lisbon and Tallinn, to work out different perspectives and multi-perspectival concepts of a nowadays obsolete typology of the enlightenment. Different urban contexts in the cities of Germany, Portugal and Estonia – at the edge of the historical city in Cottbus, within the historic urban fabric in Lisbon, at the coast and former strongly closed national border in Tallinn, as well as different contemporary and political cultures, architectural strategies and planning cultures, evoke a debate about adequate solutions, cultural values, site-specific needs, local strategies and approaches within the international group of students and professors, leading to multi-perspectival solutions and visions as "architectural models of analysing, interpreting and transforming the existing".

Speculation and Globalization Problems of Touristification in Berlin, Tel Aviv and Spain

The problems and potentials of the cultural touristic landscape in South Spain, Costa del Sol, are the focus of heterogeneous investigations of ruined speculation objects along the coast, of border conditions between Europe and non-Europe, to learn from the "Hinterland" or to restore meaning by concepts for lost spaces along the coastal sprawl. The topics combine the necessity to develop new typologies of cultural identity for the cities and cultural landscapes (Costa del Sol) within the existing and towards a gentle, cultural tourism future. More complex research questions about case studies, social, cultural and historic knowledge accompany the works.

Inner urban socio-cultural and spatial conflicts in Berlin-Wedding and Tel Aviv-Jaffa are the starting point of critical and creative investigation of three further works to develop future solutions of young heritage or complex city plots in Tel Aviv, or to investigate a vivid culture of "grassroots projects" by critically approaching the co-housing activists and scene in Berlin.

[Fig. 09a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3. [Fig. 09a] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: jp3

[Fig. 09b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 09b] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

[Fig. 09c] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 09c] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

Open-minded and Intense Discourse on Eye Level

The development and frame of the superordinate topic as well as the work in research clusters and teams allow an open and intense discourse on eye level within a comparable topic framework, to find out and discuss differences and corresponding parameters, to learn from each other by different architectural strategies, diverse standpoints and multifaceted solution aspects – to develop the solutions in dialogue by differentiation, sharpening individual standpoints of the young people within a fruitful dispute, sometimes sceptical disagreement as part of a needed democratic European architectural debate. The questioning, engaged and often heated debates about quality, about individual positions and values, strategies and about future options within the international group of professors and students has been the most important experience.

Upon successful completion of their studies with the Master's Thesis, the graduates are now qualified for the career as team-generalists, architects, designers and urban planners to undertake architectural and urban projects or research with the sensibility and consciousness about the specific local and national built environment and within international contexts of work. The first class, 19 students of 8 different countries, all succeeded; the second class had a more heterogeneous final semester, due to the policy change at the homing university BTU Cottbus and due to some private decisions of the group members themselves.

The alumni now elaborate their international career as socially responsible players and "team generalists" in architectural production and offices like GMP, Aires Mateus, LYNK, Hadi Teherani, RaudConsult or BACKPACK, they start to be engaged in the formulation of architectural policy or architectural research while teaching at universities in Spain, France or Estonia or developing urban projects via international completion placements (more than 15 competition and price winners since 2012) [↑↑↑Alumni news at Reiseuni.blog].

[Dagmar Jäger, Berlin, December 2014]

 

Professors' Team:

Prof. Dr. Dagmar Jäger (Cottbus, responsible for the cooperative Thesis), Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Inken Baller & Prof. Arch. Chris Burns (teacher's team of Design Reflection 2, Cottbus) together with the local professors of the Partner Universities, Prof. Arch. Irina Raud & Prof. Arch. Rein Murula (Tallinn), Arch. Ayala Ronel (Tel Aviv), Prof. Arch. Flavio Barbini & Prof. Dr. Ricardo Carvalho (Lisbon), Prof. Dr. Mar Loren (Sevilla), Prof. Dr. Maria Schneider (Innsbruck) and Dr. Arch. Izabela Mironowicz (Wrocław, In-between review), Prof. Dr. Riklef Rambow (Cottbus, 1 Thesis). These professors constitute the jury board during the Master's thesis portfolio evaluation, in-between and final presentation / examination in September 2012.

 

I. Lisbon

Plot: Lisbon city. Establecimento Prisional de Lisboa in Parque Eduardo VII

Local Professors: Prof. Dr. Ricardo Carvalho and Prof. Flavio Barbini [UAL Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa, Departamente de Arquitectura]

Task: Programming the city, urban reorganization and transformation of the existing, built heritage and possible addition to create a hybrid typology of contemporary cultural transmittance of Portuguese culture. The project and research work will deepen the work about the new typology, the contemporary architecture identity of the city and the ‚culinary Portuguese culture' during the workshop 3 in Lisbon 2011. The urban design and the project work is to be developed within the frame of the contemporary European and local cultural tourism discourse of today, within the history of Portuguese historic fabric of ‚Pousada typology', urban landscape and social sustainability.

[Fig. 11] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 11] ↑↑↑ MT Cluster-Sevilla, Reiseuni Class-01 – selected works, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

II. Costa del Sol

Plot: Costa del Sol. The coastal touristic territory as cultural landscape:
(a) The coast in one place: Sea front promenade as a limit: contacting the historic fragments. (b) The coast as a network: The historic continuity of the watch towers system within the fragmented contemporary context.

Local Professor: Prof. Dr. Mar Loren with the professors of the workshop 2011 [Universidad de Sevilla, Higher Technical School of Architecture]

Task: Rethink the touristic model based on "Beach and Sun", a very small fragment of its heritage. Explore interdisciplinary methodologies that overcome this incomplete and stigmatized consideration of this coastal territory in the south of Europe, reducing its seasonal dynamics towards its understanding as a permanent inhabited space. Approach this developed coastal area as Cultural Landscape, looking for a multi-layered analysis as opposed to former views of the constructed reality as object-based and compartmentalised. The student will work on a research proposal that avoids generalization and will develop a critical analysis based on the specificity and diversity.

III. Tallinn

Plot: Tallinn, Kalarana, ancient Sea Fortress Prison Patarei & Lennusadam Seaplane Harbour

Local Professors: Prof. Irina Raud with Prof. Rein Murola [Tallinn University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering]

Task: City programming, urban reorganization of the Tallinn harbour district around the plot of the ancient prison ensemble, which is out of function nowadays and needs to be pushed towards a new destination.

Coherent urban concepts and project transformation of the historical prison heritage, which is under protection, are to be developed with regard to the missing infrastructure link to the historical city centre and towards spatial and contemporary concepts for the future amelioration of the coastal urban landscape of Tallinn City ("Culture Kilometre"), with particular regard to the difficulties concerning borders and limits of the Tallinn harbour district and the heterogeneous architecture experiences of the site in the 20th century. The new and transformed prison should be able to integrate contemporary spatial functions and necessities next to the identity of Tallinn as a city of World Heritage and consider the heterogeneous urban potentials after 1991.

IV. Cottbus

Plot: Ancient Central Prison, Cottbus, Bautzenerstraße

Local Professors: Prof. Dr. Dagmar Jäger with Prof. Inken Baller [Brandenburg University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Urban Planning]

Task: Transformation of the former central prison in Cottbus, Bautzenerstraße. The young political heritage of the 19th to the 20th century is out of function since a short period after the end of the former GDR, ancient East Germany. The design research has to reflect the critical European discussion about authenticity and musealization of political heritage with respect to the experienced models in order to develop a concept of an open-minded, multi-layered vivid museum for transmittance of history nowadays.

The design research should clear the specific contextual situation in Cottbus within the wide- range German landscape of Gedenkstätten (memorial sites) of the 3rd Reich and the GDR, in comparison to further European case studies. The architecture project has to deal with the traces of the architecture, political and social history being inscribed into the place, being interpreted towards spatial concepts for the future commemorative, political and educational international work. The research deepens the results of workshop 1 in 2010 and 2011 in Cottbus.

[Fig. 14] EAD-Berlin-2012, Master's Thesis Presentation, Class-01, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab. [Fig. 14] ↑↑↑ MT Cluster-Tel-Aviv, Reiseuni Class-01 – selected works, Photo: Nabila Aftab + Asif Iqbal Raiyab

V. Tel Aviv

Plot: Manshiyeh and the connection between Jaffa and Tel Aviv

Local Professors: Prof. Elinoar Barzacchi, Arch. Ayala Ronel [Tel Aviv University, David Azrieli School of Architecture]

Task: Planning the area of Manshiyeh and the connection between Jaffa and Tel Aviv while dealing with the changes, these two halves of the city are going through due to the changing social, political and economic situation.

The planning process should tackle issues such as the historical and political significance of the place, the growing demand for affordable housing in Tel Aviv-Jaffa and the influence which becoming a hub for the younger generation and tourists has had on Tel Aviv. The boundaries of the area to be planned may be enlarged to include nearby areas, taking into account the local population and examining the implications of the planning process on them (inclusion of residents in the process, gentrification, mediating planning).

VI. Berlin

Berlin: Critique of Architecture – Architecture as Critique (individual choice of topic)

Professors: Prof. Dr. phil. nat. Riklef Rambow [BTU Cottbus], Dr. Izabela Mironowicz [Wroclaw University of Technology]

 

[Fig. 16] >>>MT Final Works – Selection[Fig. 16] ↑↑↑ MT Final Works – Selection

Under the superordinate topic of "Cultural Transfer", complex challenges across greater Europe have been delved within six different cumulative research fields, in cooperation of the international professors' team with the students of class 01 during half a year 2012: Sustainable architecture and urban design, focusing tasks about difficult heritage transformation and problems about coast's touristification. The design research has taken place as "individual teamwork" within research clusters in Cottbus, Tallinn, Lisbon, Tel Aviv, Seville and Berlin from both a practical and a theoretical point of view. The topics, strategies and results have been presented in a public exhibition and reviewing with the international board of critics and guests. You will find the concluding extracts of each work, the 1 x 1 m poster of the exhibition, to see online. The complete results have been developed in books, one has been published by Anne Groß [↑↑↑Master's Thesis of Anne Gross].

In the research platform European Architecture Dialogue, a series of conferences, exhibitions and colloquia, members of Reiseuni.lab from eight countries and eleven universities discuss about experiences in the European programme and about how to deal with regional architectural problems within the broader European context [>>>Vol:I_2.].
Thanks to all supporters of the research network Reiseuni_lab and thanks to BTU Cottbus that enabled the experimental start of the European Master's programme between 2010 to 2013 [>>>Vol:0_3. Thanks].

 

Participants of the Jury

Austria, University Innsbruck, Faculty of Architecture
Univ.-Prof. DI Dr. Maria Schneider, Architect / Town Planner

Germany, Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus
V.Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dagmar Jäger, Programme Director A.S.G.

Prof. Dr. phil. nat. Riklef Rambow, Director Architekturvermittlung (Thesis of Kenton Card)
Jennifer Rockstroh, M.Sc., Coordinator A.S.G.

Berlin University of the Arts, Universität der Künste Berlin (UdK Berlin)
Prof. Rhys Martin, HZT, MA Solo Dance

Estonia, Tallinn University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering
Prof. Irina Raud, Architect, / Town Planner
Prof. Rein Murula, Architect

Israel, Tel Aviv University, Faculty of Architecture, David Azrieli School of Architecture
Ayala Ronel, Architekt, Senior lecturer

Portugal, UAL Universidade Autònoma de Lisboa, Departamento de Arquitectura
Flavio Barbini, Professor Arquitecto, Director do Departamento
Dr. Ricardo Carvalho, Professor Arquitecto, Secretário Académico

Spain, Universidad de Sevilla, Escuela Técnica superior de Arquitectura
Dra. Dña. M. Mar Loren Méndez, Prof. del Dep. de Historia, Teoría y Composición Arquitectónicas

Reiseuni_lab

Dipl.-Ing. Christian Pieper, co-founder of the Reiseuni_lab, jp3 Architektur + Gestaltung Berlin
Dipl.-Ing. Architect Nils Krause, Hammeskrause Stuttgart, friend of Reiseuni_lab